曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品

 曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Westminster City Airport. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

改变伦敦的被拒项目
A Series of Rejected Plans That Would Have Transformed London

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

伦敦是全世界最具标志性且最受欢迎的城市,拥有跨越几个世纪的的各式建筑风格,每年约有2000万游客涌入这座城市,寻找诸如大本钟、威斯敏斯特宫、伦敦眼、特拉法尔加广场等这样的标志性建筑。

但是伦敦仍然与众不同。随着时间的流逝,越来越多的设计方案围绕着这座城市而构思,但是也有一些方案无法实施。为了证明这些,Barratt Homes挖掘了一些专为伦敦城市而设计的建筑方案,但它们都并未落成。

以下图片与文章来源于Barratt Homes,如要阅读全文可以访问官方网站。

London is one of the world’s most iconic and beloved cities, with a diverse blend of architectural styles spanning the centuries. Every year, 20 million tourists flock to the city in search of iconic landmarks such as Big Ben, the Palace of Westminster, the London Eye, and Trafalgar Square.
But London could have been so different. Through time, a host of ambitious, crazy, and revolutionary plans were drawn up around the city, only to be consigned to an unbuilt history. To demonstrate this, Barratt Homes has unearthed plans for “some of the capital’s most ambitious construction projects that never saw the light of day.”
We have republished the images and shortened descriptions from Barratt Homes below. Be sure to visit the official website here for more in-depth reading.
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

伦敦中心单轨索道

来自Barratt Homes的描述:在20世纪60年代后期,城市内部的公共汽车使用率不断下降,当地居民也更愿意使用私人汽车来通勤,但是这会造成道路的拥挤。该项目的目的是要解决这个问题,通过伦敦中心单轨索道的方式来代替部分的公共交通。

Central London Monorail
Barratt Homes: In the late 1960s, bus use within the city was on the decline, with residents of London preferring to commute via personal vehicles, causing congestion […]the plan was to get rid of them altogether, with the Central London Monorail taking over public transport duties.
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

威斯敏斯特城市机场

来自Barratt Homes的描述:在1934年,伦敦就制定了在泰晤士河上修建一座机场的计划,目的是在伦敦的中心地带提供一个新的交通枢纽,这主要为国内外商务旅行而设计。正如《大众科学月刊》(1934)的设计展示,这座机场坐落在议会大厦旁侧,位于威斯敏斯特大桥和Lambeth大桥之间。

Westminster City Airport
Barratt Homes: Back in 1934, plans were drawn up for an airport above the River Thames to provide London with a new transport hub in the heart of the capital – ideal for national and international business travel. As the design from Popular Science Monthly (1934) illustrates, this airport would have been situated right next to the Houses of Parliament, in between Westminster Bridge and the relatively new Lambeth Bridge.
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

特拉法尔加广场金字塔

来自Barratt Homes的描述:约200年前,这座300英尺(约91米)金字塔方案专为纪念特拉法加战役和尼罗河战役的胜利而设计,纪念金字塔的设计方案表明,这座建筑比圣保罗教堂还要高一些,并且有着22个步骤专门针对英法战争而构思。

Trafalgar Square Pyramid
Barratt Homes: Approximately two hundred years ago, plans were put in place to build a 300ft pyramid right in the center of London to commemorate the victories of the Battle of Trafalgar and the Battle of the Nile. Blueprints for the monument reveal that the building was to be taller than St Paul’s Cathedral, with 22 steps paying tribute to each year of the two Anglo-French wars.
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

Carlton酒店

来自Barratt Homes的描述:Carlton酒店是一家豪华酒店,在多个竞争对手中引领风骚,其中有全球知名的Savoy酒店。不幸的是,第二次世界大战期间的大爆炸使得这座酒店不得不关闭,在自愿清算后,酒店于1957年被拆除。

The Carlton Hotel
Barratt Homes: The Carlton Hotel was a luxury establishment, leaps and bounds ahead of its competitors – the most notable of which being the world-famous Savoy Hotel. Unfortunately, severe damage caused by bombings during the Second World War meant the Carlton Hotel closed to guests. The Hotel was finally demolished in 1957, following voluntary liquidation.
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

维多利亚摩天大厦

来自Barratt Homes的描述:1851年,在制造业相对繁荣的时期,英国政府在海德公园举办了大规模的展览,面向来自世界各地的贸易伙伴展示了超过10万件的革命与当代作品,所有这些都是由玻璃与铁建造而成的大型临时建筑物,被称为水晶宫。然而,在水晶宫搬迁到Sydenham之前,人们提出了一个如何处理大量玻璃和铁的替代方案。Charles Burton设计了一座高度1000英尺(约304米)的摩天大厦,这与人们今天所见的现代大楼颇为相似。

新闻来源:Barratt Homes

The Victorian Skyscraper
Barratt Homes: In 1851, in the midst of a manufacturing boom, England hosted the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park to showcase over 100,000 revolutionary and contemporary creations to its trading partners from around the world. All housed in a huge temporary structure made of glass and iron, the building became known as the Crystal Palace […] However, before the Crystal Palace was moved to Sydenham, an alternative proposal was put forward on what to do with the huge amount of glass and iron. Charles Burton pitched a 1,000ft skyscraper not too dissimilar in design to the modern skyscrapers we see today.
News via: Barratt Homes
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
Today. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
曾经能改变伦敦面貌的设计作品
What could have been. Image © Barratt Homes licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

非特殊说明,本文版权归原作者所有,来源:专筑网 转载请注明出处

原文链接:http://www.iarch.cn/thread-40929-1-1.html

分享到: