河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

别尔哥罗德Vezelka河堤
Vezelka Embankment in Belgorod / Strelka KB + Strelka Architects

由专筑网李韧,王帅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:别尔哥罗德位于俄罗斯东部,人口超过35万人,在第二次世界大战之后,这座城市的重建工作进行的不顺利,因此其公共空间自从苏联时期起就没有进行现代化改造。而Vezelka河堤便是如此,这里曾经几乎荒废,也没有其他的发展,场地就如同一片孤岛,而现在,通过“未来城市”项目,这里已经进行了彻底地改造。

Text description provided by the architects. Belgorod is an ordinary city in Eastern Russia with a population of over 350,000 people. It was almost fully rebuilt after World War II; however, its public spaces have not been modernized since Soviet times. The Vezelka River embankment was one such abandoned place. A year ago, it was completely undeveloped, and parts were completely isolated. However, it has changed radically through the “Future Cities” program.
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该项目提升了当地的整体社会价值,同时增加空间的利用率,促进了可持续发展。另外,城市设计的概念并非从天而降,而是通过公众的意愿进行改造,从而满足当地人的需求。

It is an example of a brand-new sustainable initiative to transform the attitude towards space usage in the Russian regions while bringing added social value. In addition, the urban design concept was not introduced from above, but rather crowdsourced through polls designed to determine the public space that locals need.

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

河堤既具有自然面貌,同时也具有公共空间的作用。建筑师的主要设计任务是简化位于功能区域、河堤与中心连接区域之间的行人通道,从而增加行人的数量,并且保持河堤的自然形态。

The embankment became a proper public space, while maintaining the appearance of natural territory. The main design tasks were simplifying pedestrian traffic between functional zones, connecting the embankment with the center, and increasing pedestrian flow, all while keeping the riverbanks natural.

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

河堤分为4片区域,通过长廊和环形道路相互连接。河堤改造成了诸如游乐场、运动场、宠物公园、渔民步行道、滨水娱乐场所、野餐区等日常生活空间。纪念区域则保留了一些历史遗迹,而工业区域则起到缓冲作用,连接了城市中心和铁路。

The embankment is divided into 4 zones, interconnected by promenades and cycle paths. The Local zone features everyday spaces like playgrounds, sports fields, a dog park and footbridges for fishermen, as well as a recreation zone and picnic area near the water. The Memorial zone preserves historical monuments, while the Industrial zone serves as buffer while connecting the city center with areas near the railway.

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

中央区域位于步行道的交叉口,这里有着多功能广场和面向河流的景观区。圆形剧场是主要的集会与活动场所。在夏天,人们甚至可以在这里通过LED屏幕观看世界杯。

The Central zone, at the main pedestrian intersection, is a multifunctional square with a landscaped amphitheater overlooking the river. The amphitheater serves as a meeting place and event platform. In summer it included an LED screen which made the area into a prime fan zone during World Cup 2018.

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

河岸对面是“儿童场所”,这里有着游乐场和滑梯,并且通过桥体和另一侧河堤相连接。另外,河中央的小岛起到了保护鸟类的生态作用,同时还种植着水生植物,人们便可以直接在木制桥体上感受大自然。

The opposite riverbank serves as the “Children’s Embankment,” with a playground complex featuring slides and sculptural playgrounds connected to the other bank by bridge. In addition, the island in the middle of the river is to play an ecological role as a water bird reservation with an extensive landing of aquatic plants. People can enjoy the wildlife from wooden bridges without descending to the island.

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

项目在一开始分成了几个阶段,但是大部分的任务都在2017年底完成,其中包括技术策略到最终的施工,整个过程大约花费了10个月的时间。如今,整个空间舒适悠闲,人们可以在这里漫步、游戏、玩耍等等,在夏天,人们还可以在这里感受音乐与节日氛围,到了冬天,这里甚至还能滑雪,同时还结合有温暖的小建筑。

Initially, the improvement project was planned in several stages, but the majority of the work was actually completed by the end of 2017, and from technical brief to final construction, the process took a record 10 months. Today, the space is a comfortable area for a leisurely stroll, sports games, children’s play, or a walk with pets. In the summer, it is a lovely concert venue and festival fairground, while in winter, the embankment can be cleared of snow and outfitted with skating rinks, ‘ice towns,’ and heated pavilions.

河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间

“未来城市”项目的目的是改造223座公共空间,其整体面积超过1200公顷,涉及俄罗斯40座城市。这是自苏联时期以来的第一个重构公共空间的项目,从而满足全球的趋势与标准,同时达到全新的审美水准。该项目始于2017年,由俄罗斯建筑工业、住宅、公共部(Russian Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector)所支持。

*The “Future Cities” program aims to renovate 223 public spaces, covering a total area of more than 1,200 ha in 40 Russian cities. It is the first programme since the Soviet era to reimagine the public space use to meet global trends and standards while reaching a new level of beautification. Work began in 2017, conducted by Strelka KB and DOM.RF, an integrated housing development institution, with the support of the Russian Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector.
河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间 河堤大变身,恢复日常使用空间
建筑设计:Strelka Architects, Strelka KB
地点:俄罗斯,别尔哥罗德
Strelka Architects主创建筑师:Dasha Paramonova, Jezi Stankevic, Olga Deribas, Ekaterina Korchagina, Ariana Melkonyan, Alisa Ermolaeva, Waldo Mariscal, Sofia Akimenko, Kristina Shleverda
合作方:Belgorodoblproyekt
面积:133000.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Maria Gonzalez, Strelka KB

Architects: Strelka Architects, Strelka KB
Location: Bélgorod, óblast de Bélgorod, Russia
Lead Architects Strelka Architects: Dasha Paramonova, Jezi Stankevic, Olga Deribas, Ekaterina Korchagina, Ariana Melkonyan, Alisa Ermolaeva, Waldo Mariscal, Sofia Akimenko, Kristina Shleverda
Collaborators: Belgorodoblproyekt
Area: 133000.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Maria Gonzalez, Strelka KB

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